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Questions & Answers

Terpenes

1.What are terpenes?

Terpenes are hydrocarbon molecules that contain an isoprene unit as part of its chemical structure. They are naturally forming chemicals that smell very strongly and have a long history of human use. Terpenes are a compound group of molecules that give its aroma and delicious taste. They are derived from botanical essential oils such as: lemongrass, basil, oranges, lemons, ho wood, pinus brutia, fir, etc. Terpenes (more formally called terpenoids in chemistry) are what give essential oils their unique fragrance, taste, and effects. When somebody puts lavender essential oil in their diffuser and feel relaxed, its because of the linalool that is in lavender oil. The uplifting or calming effects from certain products come from terpenes. Terpenes are legal in every state in the USA and around the world. Anywhere essential oils are legal, terpenes are also legal. 

2. Where does the name 'Terpene' come from?

During the 19th century, chemical workers working on turpentine let to the name "Terpene". The Hydrocarbons general formula C10h16 found in that complex plant Product. All our terpenes are sourced from naturally derived ingredients such as fruits and herbs. 

5. Are terpenes legal? 

Our terpenes contain no CBD, THC or any other illegal substances so yes, they are legal. 

6. How long do the effects of terpenes last?

The effects of terpenes would last about between 4 and 8 hours depending on the products they are used in.

7. What terpene profiles or Isolate would work best for a specific medical benefit?

See our effects chart for details: Flavor and Effect Chart

8. What is the difference between terpenes and essential oils?

Simply speaking, essential oils are made up of a combination of terpenes. These terpenes give the various oils both their smell and therapeutic properties. Essential oils are renown for their potency. But a pure collection of an individual terpene is even more powerful. Some terpenes are so effective that they can actually cause irritation if used improperly or in an excessive amount. As such, Abstrax products should be used only in a professional and safe manner.

9. What is the difference between Cis Beta-Ocimene 30% and Cis Beta-Ocimene 70%?

Abstrax’ Cis beta-Ocimene terpenes are distributed in two percentage denominations: 30% and 70%. The remaining percentage of the container is filled with Trans beta-Ocimene. “Cis” and “Trans” are chemistry terms that describe isomers: compounds with the same molecular formula, but with slightly different atomic arrangements. Imagine two of the same car but painted different colors. They have the same horsepower, top speed, gas mileage, etc. They’re identical except for one key detail. Ocimene always tastes sweetly herbal, but small structural differences leave Cis with an earthy undertone relative to Trans’ light citrus tang. All our terpenes are botanically derived, rather than synthesized. In other words, we use plants to make our products, rather than chemically building terpenes in the lab. The flora we use in Ocimene extraction already has Cis and Trans within it, so we choose material higher in Trans for 30% extraction and lower in Trans for 70% production. Now, it is possible to further purify the Ocimene into having only Cis or Trans. However, the two isomers have similar mass and density, so the majority of separation processes don't work. Advanced methods like chiral separation exist, but they require specialized equipment, are inefficient for production scaling, and have negligible results in flavor differentiation. Basically, such advanced separation techniques are slow, expensive, and not worth the effort. So, we distribute Ocimene in percentages of 30 and 70 rather than 100.

10. Why does Abstrax sell terpenes by the gram/kilogram rather than milliliter/gallon?

To help our customers. Mixing instructions measure substances by the gram, not the liter. Unfortunately, some people fail to consider density changes when calculating percentages. Density is how compact something is (mass) relative to how space it takes up (volume). It’s expressed as g/mL. 1 milliliter is the same as 1 gram if the material being measured is water. We are not measuring water, we are measuring terpenes. Terpenes are 0.865 g/mL relative to water’s 1 g/mL. So, if you’re buying 1 gallon (3785 milliliters) of terpenes, you are not getting 3785 grams of terpenes, you are getting 3274 grams, 511 less than a direct conversion. So, buy by the gram, or make sure to factor density into calculations.

Usage + Mixing Instructions

1. What are terpenes used for?

Terpenes have a large variety of uses. They are commonly found in food flavorings, perfumes, holistic medicines, and more. Please see our blog for a deeper look.

2. Do terpenes have to be diluted prior to use?

Yes. Terpenes are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) by experts and officials. However, they ABSOLUTELY SHOULD be mixed before ingestion. Abstrax is happy to offer assistance and advice through our Standard Operating Procedures (SOP).

3. How should terpenes be mixed?

With care. Make sure you take a look at the percentage and figure out how much you need. Accuracy is important, the amount you use really depends on the how much final product you want and small discrepancies can drastically alter the flavor. Measure: Use precise instruments like pipettes, graduated cylinders, and burets to ensure the exact correct amount is added. Environment: Avoid contamination by using a sterile atmosphere and clean instruments.

4. Can I mix Terpenes to my water?

You can definitely add terpenes to your water but you would only add a tiny amount about a % of a point.

5. Why all the crazy warning labels?

Our terpenes are as pure as they could get. Which is obviously a great thing but also causes the insane warning labels such as “do not inhale, do not ingest, etc.” Terpenes are dangerous when consumed in this concentrated, pure form and must be handled with care for your own safety. However, once diluted properly (see dilution instructions), they are safe to eat, drink, smell or ingest.

Consumption + Safety

1. Are the terpenes that we use distilled beyond food grade standards?

Yes, they are we receive them as food grade and then distilled them multiple times so they are analytical grade. Far beyond food grade.

2. Are terpenes safe for human consumption?

Anything is dangerous in a large enough quantity, but terpenes are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) and common in numerous food products. However, don’t kill the flavor of your mixture by adding too much of something. Depending on what particular characteristics are desired, some terpenes will be used in smaller amounts than others. For best results, start mixture with small percentages and incremental increases based on preference. Like all chemicals, these terpenes should be handled in a professional atmosphere.

3. Are the vials and bottles that are used for your terpenes safe for terpenes?

Yes, the vials that we use are hi quality glass and certified. They also offer protection from UV rays due to the amber glass that we use.

Quality Control

1. What is the difference between your Limonene and Linalool compared to the ones I would buy from the oil store down the street?

We source our terpenes from naturally derived ingredients whenever possible. We take these terpenes in sterile rooms meeting or exceeding current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) guidelines for cleanliness and procedure. This adherence safeguards all materials against cross-contamination, adulteration, and deterioration. We then re-distill them using molecular distillation to achieve a higher potency similar to synthetic terpenes, but without the possibility of un-natural stereo-chemistry associated with synthetically produced compounds. We then formulate our terpenes in a brand new clean room with state of art air filtration. We put a lot of work into sourcing and purifying our terpenes and know we offer the best terpenes on the market and we want to share that with our fellow manufacturers

2. What is the difference between your terpenes and others on the market?

Our adherence to quality begins with the absolute best starting materials. Abstrax Terpenes are all sourced from plants and other naturally derived ingredients found all around the world and distilled multiple times to achieve the absolute best quality. Our terpenes are 100% free of fillers like PG, VG, MCT, and coconut oil. No added fillers equate to low-dose and high-potency. Quality and consistency are Abstrax's highest priorities. Therefore, all our products are crafted in sterile rooms meeting or exceeding current Good Manufacturing Practice (cGMP) guidelines for cleanliness and procedure. This adherence safeguards all materials against cross-contamination, adulteration, and deterioration.

3. Is plastic a good material for cartridges and storage?

NO! Terpenes degrade plastic, resulting in a horrible taste. Glass is the very best for substance vials and cartridges.

Shipping

1. When can I expect my order?

Because our terpenes are produced on demand to make them as fresh as possible, it can take 4-5 business days over even longer to prepare your order for shipment. You will be notified as soon as your order ships. It can take 4-5 business days over even longer to prepare your order for shipment.

2. Can I request faster shipping?

Yes, for an additional charge but this does NOT mean that your order will be shipped the next. Your order still needs to be prepared but the shipping itself will be faster

3. Do you ship internationally?

Yes, we do but an international shipping fee will be added to your order. Please contact our support team for details: (562) 294-5805 4. Are there extra shipping fees for hazardous material? No.

5. Why do shipping fees fluctuate?

Cost per shipment depends on size, hazmat code, and other jaz but its not cheap. Some of our products are defined by IATA (International Air Transport Association)/ DOT (Department of Transportation) as ‘Hazardous Materials’ due to their flammability (based on flashpoint), Environmental Hazard (Marine Pollutants), or Toxicity (Poisons) which drives the shipping costs up.

5. I received my order and the bottles were not full. Is this normal?

Yes, depending on the size ordered some bottles may look half full due to the head space required for terpenes. Don't be alarmed when you the think the terpenes are gone.