Why D-Limonene is one of the most popular terpenes
Need more energy and a boost to your mood? The terpene D-Limonene may have the exact benefits you’re looking for! Keep reading for all the details.
You might recognize the first part of the word limonene -- limón -- which is Spanish for “lemon.” Limonene is found in citrus fruits and it’s one of the most common terpenes in the world. Not only that, but it’s also insanely useful. From reducing heartburn and inflammation to lowering stress and anxiety levels, d-limonene packs one heck of a punch.
That’s why today we’re covering seven health benefits of limonene and where you might run into this citrusy terpene.
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Need all the details, but running short on time? No worries, here’s what we’re covering today:
- Limonene may reduce heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux
- It’s also a powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant.
- Plants high in limonene have been used to help dissolve gallstones.
- New research indicates that limonene may ease metabolic disorders and aid in weight loss.
- Its powerful anti-inflammatory properties mean it may help reduce skin inflammation.
- Its ability to elevate mood may help reduce anxiety and stress
What is D-Limonene?
As we mentioned above, D-limonene is a major constituent of citrus fruits like lemons, limes, and oranges. Because of its citrus smell and taste, it's often used as a dietary supplement, flavoring agent, aromatic oil, or in skin creams.
D-Limonene Therapeutic Benefits
Although it doesn’t hang around long, this terpene still finds time to help your body cope with a variety of health issues.
Limonene May Help Reduce Heartburn and Gastroesophageal Reflux
Excessive stomach acid is the major cause of heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). When the valve between the stomach and esophagus does not close, stomach acid seeps back into the esophagus.
So, as good as that killer hot sauce you dumped on your mahi-mahi street tacos tasted, you don't want it coming back as part of a burning, regurgitated mess.
Luckily, D-limonene oil is like a swiss-army knife for stomach issues:
It coats the esophagus and may help neutralize stomach acid. It assists in the body's peristalsis (the waves in your stomach and intestines that push contents downward, rather than upward) to reduce GERD. And it increases gastric mucus production to promote gut healing.
Limonene Acts as an Anti-inflammatory and Antioxidant for Your Digestive Tract
Not only does d-limonene coat your stomach lining, but it also coats your large intestine to help ensure a healthy digestive tract.
In a study, scientists gave 50-100 mg of D-limonene to rats with ulcerative colitis (UC), a condition in which the large intestine becomes inflamed. The results suggest disease activity and colonic mucosa damage were greatly reduced by the anti-inflammatory effects of D-limonene. Plus, antioxidant levels increased (1).
Limonene May Help Dissolve Gallstones
While on the subject of D-limonene's ability to reduce gastric acid:
D-limonene is a solvent of cholesterol, and doctors have used it to dissolve cholesterol-containing gallstones. In post gallstone surgery patients, infusion of 20 mL d-limonene dissolved the painful clumps overlooked in surgery. (2)
Limonene May Help Relieve Metabolic Disorders and Encourage Weight Loss
Metabolic disorders are serious health problems that result in an increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. High blood pressure and blood sugars, excessive body fat, and abnormal cholesterol all go hand in hand with these disorders.
A study in which scientists fed high-fat diets and then administered d-limonene showed a decrease in blood pressure and blood sugar levels (3). Another study demonstrated D-limonene supplementation reversed negative effects on liver and pancreas functioning caused by high-fat-diets (4). And D-limonene odor seemed to decrease appetite in flies when smelled, demonstrating the need for future studies (5).
Now, this doesn’t mean you should triple up that order of street tacos and count on limonene to fix everything.
But it does suggest this flavoring agent might serve you better than over-the-counter drugs with potential side-effects.
Limonene Helps to Reduce Skin Inflammation
For severe cases of psoriatic arthritis, doctors may prescribe painkillers (opioids). And every day, 115 people in the US overdose on these drugs (6).
It's no wonder patients are seeking alternatives.
Luckily, studies suggest topically-applied D-limonene can soothe your aching, burning skin by reducing pro-inflammatory cytokine production (responsible for some dermatitis symptoms) while improving wound-healing (7).
D-limonene rejuvenates and heals skin, making it the perfect agent in your next moisturizing cream.
The antioxidant properties in D-limonene help explain how and why doctors may use this terpene to treat and Carcinogens cause cancer, and a large body of evidence point to oxygen free radicals (OFR) as attacking healthy cells, too (8).
Limonene and Breast Cancer
Years later, scientists fed 2-6 grams of limonene to 43 woman with newly discovered breast cancer daily for 6 weeks before surgery to test limonene’s chemotherapeutic activity. Results indicated limonene supplementation reduced cyclin D1 expression, a protein associated with cancer, by 22% (11).
These studies provide hope doctors can slow cancer cell growth instead of using only toxic chemotherapy treatments.
Limonene May Also May Increase Effectiveness of Certain Cancer Therapies
Specifically, therapies for liver, prostate, and colon cancer.
Picture this--You're in a fist-fight with a bully who’s lightning quick. We’re talking Mayweather moves.
Then your boy tackles him out of nowhere, holds his arms back, and you get to knock him out with some free shots. (He forfeited his rights to a fair fight by picking on you, so don’t feel bad.)
In this scenario, you’re docetaxel (a form of chemotherapy). The bully is prostate cancer, and the friend who had your back is D-limonene.
A clinical study demonstrated adding D-limonene to docetaxel increased the effectiveness of the drug against prostate cancer cells without being toxic to normal prostate epithelial cells (12). Teamwork makes the dream work.
D-Limonene Helps Reduce Anxiety and Stress
Stress is a major source of a number of inflammatory diseases and accelerated aging. Stress can trigger the release of cortisol, a hormone in our brain that can disrupt the parasympathetic nervous system, throw off our sleep cycles, and result in chronic pain (13).
Doctors subjected rats to non-pathological stress and split them into a control group and a group administered 10 mg/kg of d-limonene or it's metabolite perillyl alcohol (POH). The results showed the rats administered d-limonene displayed fewer signs of stress and retained better activity-even more so than those given the perillyl alcohol (15).
Potential D-Limonene Side Effects
Like most terpenes, D-limonene is generally recognized as safe by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) when used as directed (17).
Sure, using too much of the oil may cause skin irritation. But chug ten gallons of water in fifteen minutes, and you’ll find your body can't tolerate that either.
However, if you follow usage instructions, you'll avoid side-effects. Dosage is key.
As always, those with medical conditions or taking prescriptions must seek medical advice. Pregnant women, nursing mothers, and children should consult with their healthcare professionals.
Try D-Limonene Today for Added Benefits to Your Products
This monoterpene packs a powerful punch. From relieving stress through aromatherapy to slowing cancer growth, d-limonene is among the most powerful terpenes on the market. Plus, its aroma is downright mouthwatering.Contact us today to talk about how you can start using this terpene in your products. And don’t forget to follow us on social media for all the latest updates!